On 19th of December, 2019 Ingrida Gečienė-Janulionė successfully defended her doctoral dissertation entitled “THE CONTRIBUTION OF MIGRANTS TO COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: THE CASE OF LITHUANIAN MIGRANTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM”.
Doctoral dissertation was prepared in 2015-2019 at Lithuanian Social Research Centre.
Supervisor: Chief researcher Dr. Meilutė Taljūnaitė (Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Social Sciences, Sociology – S 005).
The dissertation was defended at the Council of Sociology of Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuanian Social Research Centre and Vytautas Magnus University.
Chairman: Prof. Dr. Vytis Čiubrinskas (Vytautas Magnus University, Social Sciences, Sociology – S 005).
- Chief researcher Dr. Vladas Gaidys (Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Social Sciences, Sociology – S 005);
- Chief researcher Dr. Violetta Anna Parutis (University of Essex, Institute for Social and Economic Research, Social Sciences, S 005);
- Senior researcher Dr. Kristina Šliavaitė (Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Social Sciences, Sociology – S 005);
- Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rūta Žiliukaitė (Vilnius University, Social Sciences, Sociology – S 005).
The dissertation is available at the Lithuanian Social Research Centre library (A. Goštauto str. 9, LT-01108 Vilnius, Lithuania).
THE CONTRIBUTION OF MIGRANTS TO COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN: THE CASE OF LITHUANIAN MIGRANTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
The migration rate of Lithuania reveals both the high volume of migration and the great potential of migrants’ contribution to the development of their country of origin. The aim of the dissertation is to analyse what factors influence the contribution of migrants to welfare of Lithuania. The developed model for the theoretical analysis of migrant contribution is based on a coherent and procedural approach to migrant input, covering input actors, types of remittances, motivation and incentives, remittances transfer process: mobilization, transfer and impact. The empirical research of the dissertation is based on quantitative surveys of Lithuanian migrants and Lithuanian population, interviews with Lithuanian migrants in the United Kingdom and case studies of three programs promoting the migrants’ contribution. The dissertation reveals that higher education, social status and communication with the country of origin have a greater positive impact on contribution than other socio-demographic factors. Participation in organizations uniting Lithuanians abroad and attitudes to the importance of preserving Lithuanian identity and the progress and prosperity of Lithuania are also important for making a contribution. There is an altruistic motivation based on patriotism, as well as motivation to realize oneself, to use one’s knowledge and experience. The dissertation reveals that more than half of the country’s population is directly affected by the contribution of migrants, and analysis of programs shows the impact of the attracted contribution on people, businesses and public sector institutions. The results of the research help to develop a more targeted and efficient measures promoting the contribution of migrants.