Project duration: 2017 10 02 – 2021 09 30
Project leader: dr. Jolanta Aidukaitė

Although the proportion of older people (50+) is steadily growing in societies, they have not been given due attention so far in the context of assessing the wellbeing of the population of the country, discussing measures to strengthen it and collecting relevant empirical data to justify actions to be taken. Demographic population ageing challenges not only to the fiscal stability of systems in welfare state, but also to the effective participation of older people in the labour market and social life. It is therefore relevant to highlight and strengthen the role of older people in ensuring the sustainability of the welfare state.

In order to improve older people’s wellbeing, the project is aimed at theoretical and empirical studies of constructing welfare policies for older people in modern society on political, practical individual levels, assessing the existing status of older people’s wellbeing and offering innovative indicators to measure wellbeing.

For the pursuance of the main research objective, the following project tasks will be implemented:

  1. Theoretical justification of the relationship between welfare state development and demographic changes (population ageing); analysis and assessment of welfare state models and policies in the analysed countries, identifying measures aimed at reducing social risks for older people and empower them in certain life domains.
  2. Critical evaluation of the existing indicators for older people’s wellbeing monitoring and conceptual justification of indicators that are less developed today, as well as methodological approval thereof in compliance with international standards.

The research will reveal the effectiveness of policy in welfare states of different types (Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Sweden, Denmark, Finland) in reducing vulnerability of older people and increasing their full-fledged inclusion into the labour market and social live. The research will offer guidelines for developing the existing indicators for older people’s wellbeing monitoring and specific indicators to be included therein. The project will contribute to enhancing cooperation between researchers, policy makers and policy executors.