Project duration: 2017 03 01 – 2019 12 31
Project leaders: dr. Margarita Gedvilaitė- Kordušienė (2017 03 01 – 2018 01 04.), dr. Lina Šumskaitė (2018 01 05 – 2019 12 31)
The project focuses on a social phenomenon of the modern society – childlessness, which can be voluntary, physiological or determined by the life course. We consider childlessness not only as a potential demographic challenge, but also as a manifestation of modernity, requiring a more thorough analysis which would contribute to the fields of family sociology and demography. The aim of the project is to explore different forms of childlessness considering it as the phenomenon which is influenced by the components from several layers of social reality; to analyse the subjective meanings of the phenomenon in different generations and indicate the individual, familial and socio‐ cultural determinants of childlessness. While performing the project the secondary analysis of international datasets (from European Values Survey, European Social Survey, Gender and Generation Survey), quantitative and qualitative media content analysis and qualitative research, the interviews with childless women from two generations (27–49 and 50‐69) belonging to the different social groups will be used. Analysis of secondary micro data will enable to describe forms of childlessness by discerning their typical characteristcs and compare them to the ones observed in different European countries (focusing on Lithuania). It is expected that qualitative research will significantly improve understanding of this social phenomenon by identifying and describing social components related to childlessness: active/ constrained choice to have/ not have children and interconnections of denial of this choice with the general socio‐cultural context. The media content analysis will provide knowledge on general socio‐cultural discourses of childlessness.